Should you be worried about #Glaucoma? Yes, if you are over 40.
Updated: Feb 28, 2021
Eye Doctors at Krishna Netralaya - best eye hospital in Gurgaon, India - say that everyone over 40 years of age should get an eye examination to rule out #Glaucoma. Although Glaucoma can affect anybody including children and even infants, people more at risk are those who fall in one or more of the following groups
Over 40 years old
Have high Intraocular Pressure (IOP)
Suffer from certain medical conditions such as Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Cardiac diseases, Migraine and Sickle Cell Anemia
Have a family history of Glaucoma
Suffer from high degree of nearsightedness or farsightedness
Have been on steroid medications for long, particularly eyedrops
Have suffered an eye injury or have had a complex eye surgery
#Glaucoma is a condition of the eye in which the optic nerve gets affected. Glaucoma is called a “Sneak Thief of Sight” since the most common form of Glaucoma (Open Angle Glaucoma) does not present many symptoms in the early stages making it hard to detect early but if not detected Glaucoma may eventually lead to blindness. Vision loss due to #Glaucoma cannot be reversed so early detection is crucial.
Process of #Glaucoma detection starts with a routine eye examination which includes
Visual Acuity Test: Vision is tested with eye charts
Non Contact Tonometry: The intraocular pressure is checked with a Non-Contact Tonometer
Slit lamp examination: Eyes are examined under magnification. This helps in optic nerve evaluation. If required, eyes are dilated to get a detailed view of retina.
Based on the findings from the routine examination, if the doctor feels that you may be a glaucoma suspect, next set of tests are conducted
#Applanation Tonometry: This is the gold standard for measuring intraocular pressure.
#Pachymetry / Central Corneal Thickness Test: In this the Corneal thickness is measured. Corneal thickness is important because it can mask an accurate reading of Intraocular Pressure - actual IOP may be underestimated in patients with thinner CCT, and overestimated in patients with thicker CCT. IOP reading is corrected based on the findings from this test.
#Gonioscopy: This enables the doctor to check if the drainage of the aqueous humour (intraocular fluid) is hampered by angle structures.
#Perimetry / Visual Fields Test: This test provides a measure of the peripheral vision which is typically the first casualty of Glaucoma
In addition to the above, certain tests may be required to confirm the diagnosis of Glaucoma and establish a baseline for future follow-ups, these may include one or more of the following
Optic Disc Photograph: This helps in picking up structural changes and determining change over a period.
#OCT (Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Analysis) OR Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT): These pick up early structural changes in the optic nerve via fast and reproducible scans. These are helpful in picking up Glaucoma early and are also used to monitor progression.