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What to Expect After Lasik Surgery: A Close Examination of Possible Side Effects

Updated: Dec 27, 2023



Lasik surgery, a groundbreaking advancement in the field of vision correction, has opened doors to a life free from the constraints of glasses and contact lenses. This remarkable procedure, with its Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis technique, offers a glimmer of hope to those burdened by nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. As a potential solution to these common vision problems, Lasik has gained immense popularity over the years, providing individuals with the chance to experience the world through clear, unaided eyes.


In this article, we will explore the world of LASIK surgery in Gurgaon, with a specific focus on Lasik surgery side effects. While LASIK is a remarkable solution for many vision problems, it's essential to understand the potential risks involved.


Who may it help?

LASIK is a versatile procedure that can benefit a wide range of individuals suffering from various vision issues. It can be a game-changer for those with:


Myopia (Nearsightedness)

LASIK can effectively treat myopia by reshaping the cornea to redirect light onto the retina correctly. This can eliminate or significantly reduce the need for glasses or contact lenses.


Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Individuals with hyperopia can also benefit from LASIK. By adjusting the cornea's shape, LASIK can improve their ability to focus on nearby objects.


Astigmatism

LASIK can correct astigmatism by reshaping the cornea to create a more symmetrical surface, resulting in clearer vision.


Presbyopia

While LASIK isn't typically used to treat presbyopia (age-related difficulty focusing on close objects), some advanced techniques may offer relief to those dealing with this condition.


Are side effects common after LASIK?

LASIK is known for its high success rate, but like any medical procedure, it isn't without its potential side effects. However, it's crucial to understand that serious complications are relatively rare. The majority of patients experience minimal or temporary Lasik surgery side effects.


The likelihood of experiencing side effects can vary depending on factors such as the patient's individual circumstances, the surgeon's expertise, and the technology used in the procedure. According to the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS), approximately 95% of LASIK patients achieve their desired vision outcome without complications. This is a reassuring statistic for prospective LASIK candidates.


LASIK’s Side Effects

While LASIK is generally considered safe, some Lasik surgery side effects can occur, including:


Dry Eyes

One of the most common side effects of Lasik surgery is temporary dry eyes. This occurs because the surgery may disrupt the cornea's nerves responsible for tear production. Artificial tears and prescription eye drops are often recommended to alleviate this discomfort.

Glare and Halos Some patients report experiencing glare, halos, or starbursts around lights at night, especially during the initial stages of recovery. This side effect typically diminishes over time, but it can persist in a small percentage of cases.


Sensitivity to Light

Increased light sensitivity, or photophobia, can occur after LASIK. It is usually a temporary side effect and can be managed by wearing sunglasses when outdoors.


Fluctuating Vision

In the days and weeks following LASIK, it's common for vision to fluctuate. Some patients may experience clear vision one day and slightly blurred vision the next. This typically stabilises as the eye heals.


Undercorrection or Overcorrection

In some cases, the surgical outcome may not meet the patient's expectations, leading to undercorrection or overcorrection of the vision issue. Enhancements or touch-up procedures can often resolve this issue.


Infection

Though rare, there is a risk of infection after LASIK. It's essential to follow post-operative care instructions to minimize this risk.


Epithelial Ingrowth

Epithelial ingrowth is when the corneal epithelial cells grow under the flap. This can lead to discomfort and hazy vision. It's a relatively rare side effect that may require additional treatment.


Corneal Ectasia

Corneal ectasia is a severe complication in which the cornea becomes progressively thin and bulges forward. This can lead to significant vision problems and may require a corneal transplant in extreme cases. It is, however, quite rare.

It's important to note that while these LASIK surgery side effects may sound daunting, most LASIK patients experience minimal discomfort and recover without complications. The key to a successful LASIK experience is choosing a qualified surgeon, following post-operative care instructions, and having realistic expectations.


How long will these side effects last?

The duration of Lasik surgery side effects can vary from person to person. Here's a general overview of how long some of the common side effects may last:


Dry Eyes

Dry eyes are one of the most common side effects of Lasik eye surgery. However, they are typically temporary and improve within a few weeks to several months as the cornea heals. Using artificial tears and prescribed eye drops as directed by your surgeon can help manage this discomfort during the healing process.


Glare and Halos

Glare and halos around lights, especially at night, are more prevalent in the early stages of recovery. Over time, as the cornea stabilises, these visual disturbances tend to diminish. Most patients find that these effects are significantly reduced within the first few months post-surgery.


Sensitivity to Light

Increased sensitivity to light usually subsides within a few days to a few weeks after LASIK. Wearing sunglasses when exposed to bright light can provide comfort during this period.


Fluctuating Vision

Fluctuating vision is common during the initial stages of LASIK recovery. However, it typically stabilises as the eye heals, and patients often experience stable, clear vision within a few weeks to a couple of months.


Undercorrection or Overcorrection

If a patient experiences undercorrection or overcorrection, a touch-up procedure may be recommended after the eye has fully healed, which is usually after three to six months. This allows the surgeon to fine-tune the vision to meet the patient's expectations.


Infection

Infection, while rare, can occur within the first week after LASIK. Prompt and proper management can help resolve it. The risk of infection significantly decreases as the eye heals.


Epithelial Ingrowth

Epithelial ingrowth, if it occurs, may require additional treatment, such as lifting the LASIK flap and removing the ingrown cells. The recovery period for this side effect depends on the severity and the success of the treatment.


Corneal Ectasia

Corneal ectasia is a rare and severe complication that may develop years after LASIK. Its management may involve procedures to stabilize the cornea, such as corneal cross-linking or, in extreme cases, a corneal transplant.


It's important to remember that while some Lasik surgery side effects may last longer than others, the majority of LASIK patients report improved vision and minimal side effects within a few months of the procedure. Regular follow-up appointments with your surgeon are essential to monitor your progress and address any concerns throughout the recovery period.


Conclusion

In conclusion, LASIK is a highly effective procedure for correcting a wide range of vision issues. While Lasik surgery side effects can occur, they are generally mild and temporary. The key to a successful LASIK experience is choosing a skilled and experienced surgeon, following post-operative care instructions diligently, and maintaining realistic expectations regarding the recovery process.


If you are considering LASIK, consult with a qualified ophthalmologist to discuss your eligibility and gain a better understanding of the potential risks and benefits. LASIK has improved the quality of life for countless individuals, offering them the freedom and convenience of clear vision without the need for glasses or contact lenses. Understanding the potential side effects of Lasik surgery and their expected duration will help you make an informed decision about whether LASIK is the right choice for you.



 

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Medical Director & Senior Eye Surgeon

One of the best Cataract, Cornea and Lasik eye surgeons in Gurgaon.

Exp: 20 Yrs

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