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Types of Glaucoma
Open Angle Glaucoma
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type and develops gradually over time. It occurs when the eye's drainage angle becomes less efficient, leading to increased fluid pressure within the eye. This elevated pressure can damage the optic nerve, resulting in gradual vision loss. Open-angle glaucoma is often asymptomatic in its early stages and can progress unnoticed until significant vision impairment occurs.
Angle-closure glaucoma is less common but considered a medical emergency. It happens when the eye's drainage angle becomes completely blocked, causing a sudden and severe increase in eye pressure. This glaucoma can cause intense eye pain, redness, blurred vision, nausea, and vomiting. Angle-closure glaucoma requires immediate medical attention to prevent permanent vision loss.
Normal-tension glaucoma:ULAR CATARACTS
Normal-tension glaucoma, also known as low-tension glaucoma, is a form of glaucoma in which optic nerve damage and vision loss occur despite normal eye pressure. The exact cause of normal-tension glaucoma is not fully understood, but it is believed that factors other than elevated intraocular pressure contribute to its development. Regular eye exams are crucial for early detection and management of this type of glaucoma.